Quoi de neuf ?

Hadith sur l'origine des 313 compagnons de l'imam Mahdi (as)

Avicenne88

Membre
Membre
Salam alaykoum,

Je republie un hadith de l'imam Ali (as) qui a déjà été publié sur le forum. J'ai ajouté une petite compilation à la fin. Je ne sais pas qu'elle est la solidité de ce hadith.

Du livre : Imam al-Mahdi (a)
Par: Ayatullah Sayyed Sadrul-Ddin Sadr

Asbagh-ibn-Nubatah says: Amir-ul-Mumineen Ali (A.S.) recited a sermon and mentioned
therein something about the emergence of Mahdi and his helpers. Abu Khalid Halabi or Kabuli
said: 'O Ali, inform us something about his qualities.'
He replied: From the view-point of character and creation, he resembles the Holy Prophet
(S.A.W.A.) the most. Should I inform you about his helpers? They said: 'Yes, O Amir-ul-
Mumineen.'
He replied: 'I heard the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.A.) saying: 'The first of them would be
from Basra and the last of them from Yamamah. Thereafter Hazrat began to count Mahdi's
companions. People were crying and Ali (A.S.) was saying:
Two persons from Basra, one person from Ahwaz, one person from Mina, one person from
Shushtar, one person from Duraq, four persons namely Ali, Ahmad, Abdullah and Jafar from
Baastan, two persons by the names of Muhammad and Hassan from Amman, two persons -
Shaddad and Shadid from Siraf, three persons - Hafas, Yaqub and Ali from Shiraz, four
persons Musa, Ali, Abdullah and Ghalafan from Esfahan, one person by the name of Yahya
from Abdah, one person by the name of Dawoud from Maraj or A'raj, one person by the name
of Abdullah from Karaj, one person by the name of Qadeem from Burujerd, one person by the
name of Abdur-Razzak from Nahawand, two persons - Abdullah and Abdus-Samad from
Dainul, three persons - Jafar, Ishaaq and Musa from Hamadan, two persons - whose names are
similar to the names of Holy Prophet's Ahl-e-bayt - from Qum, one person by the name of
Darid and five others whose names are similar to the names of 'Ashab-e-Kahf' from Khurasan,
one person from Aamol, one person from Jorjan, one person from Herat, one person from
Balkh, one person from Qarah, one person from A'ane, one person from Damghan, one person
from Sarkhas, three persons from Saiyar, one person from Savah, one person from Samarkand,
twenty-four persons from Thaleqan - They are the same ones about whom the Holy Prophet
(S.A.W.A.) said: In Khurasan, treasures can be found which are not gold or silver. But they are
men whom Allah and His Prophet will gather together - two persons from Qazvin, one person
from Fars, one person from Abhar, one person from Birjan, one person from Shakh, one
person from Sareeh, one person from Ardabil, one person from Morad, one person from T
adammor, one person from Armani, three persons from Maragha, one person from Khuee, one
person from Salmas, one person from Badlees, one person from Nasur, one person from
Barkari, one person from Sarkhis, one person from Munarjerd, one person from Qaliqala, three
persons from Waseth, ten persons from Baghdad, four persons from Kufa, one person from
Qadasieh, one person from Surah, one person from Serat, one person from Nael, one person
from Saidah, one person from Jurjan, one person from Qusur, one person from Anbaar, one
person from Akbarah, one person from Hananeh, one person from Tabuk, one person from
Jaamedah, three persons from Abadan, six persons from Hadisah Musel, one person from
Mosul, one person from Maqlasaya, one person from Naseebeen, one person from Arwan, one
person from Faraqeen, one person from Aamed, one person from Ra's-ul-Ain, one person from
Reqqah, one person from Haran, one person from Bales, one person from Qabeeh, one person
from Tartus, one person from Qasr, one person from Adneh, one person from Hamari, one
person from Arar, one prson ferom Qures, one person from Anthakia, three persons from
Halab, two persons from Hamas, four persons from Damascus, one person from Syria, one
person from Qaswan, one person from Qaimut, one person from Sur, one person from Karaj,
one person from Azrah, one person from Aamer, one person from Dakar, two persons from
Baitul-Muqaddas, one person from Ramalleh, one person from Bales, two persons from Acca,
one person from Arafat, one person from Asqalan, one person from Gazah, four persons from
Fasath, one person from Qaramis, one p erson from Damyath, one person from Mahaleh, one
person from Askanderiyeh, one person from Barqah, one person from Tanjah, one person from
Afranjah, one person from Qirwan, five persons from Sus Aqsa, two persons from Qirus, three
persons from Jamim, one person from Qus, one person from Aden, one person from Alali, ten
persons from Medina, four persons from Mecca, one person from Ta'if, one person from Dair,
one person from Shirwan, one person from Zubaid, ten persons from Saru, one person from
Ahsah, one person from Qateef, one person from Hajar and one person from Yamameh.
Ali (A.S.) said: The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.A.) counted them to me until they became 313 in
number, the same as the companions of 'Badr'. Allah will gather them from the East and West
and place them near the Holy Ka'aba by the wink of an eye. When the people of Mecca will
witness this, they will say: 'Sufyani has gathered us around himself'. After coming in contact
with the people of Mecca they will see a group gathered around the 'Ka'aba' and the darkness
and gloom will have departed from them and the dawn of hope ascended and they will tell
each other. Salvation (perhaps meaning to say that we have found salvation). The noble people
will watch and their rulers we go in deep thought.


Dans ce hadith, l'imam Ali (as) donne partiellement la ville d'origine des compagnons. Il en cite 237 et ensuite dit: "Le saint prophète (saw) me les a énuméré jusqu'à ce qu'ils soient 313 en nombre, le même que les compagnons de Badr."

De ces 237 compagnons j'ai pu identifier les pays d'origine suivants:

Iran 43
Afghanistan 34 (si on considère que le Khorassan correspond de manière général à l'Afghanistan, sinon ils sont 28 dont 24 venant de Taloqan)
Irak 33
Sham (Syrie, Liban, Jordanie et Palestine) 27
Arabie Saoudite 23 (10 viennent de Médine, 4 de La Mecque)
Yémen 14
Maroc 7 (6 viennent de Tanger)
Égypte 6
Turquie 5
Ouzbékistan 1
Azerbaïdjan 1
Tunisie 1 (de Kairouan)
Libye 1
Inde 1
Sénégal 1 (de Dakar)
France 1

Il y a 38 compagnons dont je n'ai pas pu identifier le pays d'origine.

Pour ceux qui ne viennent pas de ces pays, travaillez fort, peut-être que vous faites partie des 76 compagnons que l'imam Ali (as) n'a pas cité.

Salam
 
Dernière édition:

Avicenne88

Membre
Membre
Et t'es sûr ça désigne la France ? Ou c'est toi t'as essayé de deviner ?

En faisant une recherche avec google, j'ai trouvé 2 références au mot Afranjah où il signifie la France ou les Francs.

1. The History of the Mohammedan Dynasties in Spain: Extrait de Nafhu-t-tíb Min Ghosni-l-Andalusi-r-rattíb Wa Táríkh Lisánu-d-Dín Ibni-l-Khattíb, Volume 2, de Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad Maqqarī
Johnson Reprint Corporation, 1843

(C'est dans le paragraphe qui commence au niveau de la note à droite du texte.)

2. A Dictionary, Persian, Arabic, And English: With A Dissertation On The Languages, Literature, And Manners Of Eastern Nations, de John Richardson
Cox, 1829

(C'est environ au milieu de la colonne de gauche.)
 
Dernière édition:

hax

Membre
Membre
Salam alaykoum

Merci pour ce travail frere avicenne,je te felicite et t'encourage vivement a continuer meme si tu fait quelques erreurs l ' intention est louable.

Fi amanillah
 
Haut